An academic report is more like what you do in school a written assignment for class,. Research experiment, survey or other method results are presented and discussed in academic reports. These reports frequently call for a particular format and the inclusion of a specific number of sections. That is why you need academic report writing services from experts.
An academic report adopts a formal tone to present facts discovered via reading and experiment. Many academic disciplines, including chemistry, physics, biology, sociology and even the humanities like political science demand academic reports.
Your lecturers and teachers will expect you to talk about your studies in the form of scholarly writing while you are in college or even in high school. Scholarly writing often takes the shape of an academic report. These reports frequently follow the format of the accepted academic publications in your discipline. They serve as preparation for a future academic or research job in this way. As a result, it’s critical to treat them seriously, structure them correctly and dive into the research as if it were your job to learn about that subject.
Essential Components Of Academic Paper Writing
An essay is not the same as a report. There is no one proper way to structure a report; it all depends on what it will be used for. However, academic reports typically include some of the following components.
The Title Page
The most important details of your report are listed on this page.
Author statement and Dedication
This document, which you must sign and submit along with any written report or essay to demonstrate that the work was entirely your own, is required. These forms are available in the office of your faculty department.
Summary or Executive Summary
A concise statement of about 150 word summary of the entire report is called an abstract. The last draught should be used. The abstract, unlike a conclusion, must give a succinct synopsis of every phase of the study, not simply the findings. One goal of an abstract is to provide just enough details for a potential reader to decide whether they want to read the entire report or not.
Writing one or two words to summarize each portion of your report is one strategy if you are new to writing abstracts. Look at the executive summaries or abstracts of reports in the library or online to get a sense of the style they employ.
This is a separate page where you can thank the friends who helped with the assignment. Only large reports typically call for an acknowledgements page. Like academic thesis and the likes.
Table of Contents
This should include a clear list of all the sections and subsections in your report, together with the pages on which each component starts. Using hierarchically numbered headings is a popular but not a must method of organizing reports.
A separate list of all tables, charts and diagrams that you used in the report appears after the Table of Contents. Tables should be referred to as Table 1 (with the title) etc. Figure 1 (with the caption]) should be used for charts and Figure 2 should be used for diagrams etc. Include the page number of each table or chart in this separate list.
You should describe the report’s goal or purpose and justify its necessity or utility in the opening. Divide the overall goal into more particular objectives depending on the report’s purpose. You might also explain any important terminology you use in the report so that the reader understands exactly what you mean when you use them.
The next four sections should only be used in papers that discuss primarily your own research, such as an experiment, survey or observation and interviews. These four sections will likely be swapped out with a few topic headers of your choice if your report is purely based on reading.
You discuss past and present studies on the subject in this section. In other words, you summarize what others have written about the subject in your report. Your literature review generally includes numerous in-text citations to the books and papers you have read because you are reporting other people’s work. In more scientific studies, it is typical to conclude the literature evaluation with one or more study hypotheses. The literature review is frequently included in the start of reports, sometimes under a title as basic as Background.
Methods or Methodology or Research design
These three words method, methodology and research design have slightly distinct definitions. But in this area, you should explain to the reader how you gathered the information for the report like your methods. You may, for example, provide a detailed account of an experiment you conducted or a situation you saw. Usually, this description must be very thorough. Additionally, it is typically required to justify your methodology, which could need to be rather extensive and to explain why you acquired the data in that manner.
To help illustrate your choice of methods, you may incorporate a few in-text references or citations to research methods literature.
Results or Findings
Here, you should summarize what you found out from your research. There shouldn’t be any debate or evaluation of such findings. Tables or charts are frequently used in this section.
In this area, you should indicate if you can accept or reject any hypotheses you’ve developed for your report.
Discussion of results or Analysis or Interpretation
This section of a report is frequently the most crucial because it expresses your opinion regarding your findings. You should describe your findings in the conversation.
This may consist of;
- Describing any patterns in the results, including anomalies results that don’t fit in with the others and offering explanations.
- Describing what you discovered, perhaps with reference to theory.
- Commenting on how much your findings agree or disagree with the literature.
- Taking into account the veracity and correctness of your findings and how the methods you used might have affected that accuracy.
- Pondering or thinking about the ramifications of your findings, such as what they might imply for your practice.
- Examining what additional research in this field might be beneficial in the future.
You summarize the main results of your report in the conclusions. Consider that you must condense everything you learned into just three or four paragraphs. There should be no new information added. Reiterating your introduction’s aims and objectives, as well as possibly commenting on how effectively they have been achieved, might be useful.
Not all reports come with suggestions. However, if your report is on a case study or topic that pertains to your place of employment, particularly if the issue revolves around problem-solving or improving practice, it may be appropriate to provide recommendations. These are recommendations for further action on the problem raised in the study. Usually, these will be recommendations based on your study that you believe will make things better.
References or Bibliography
This is a list of the books and articles you read for the report and used, written in a very specific way. A reference list simply comprises the sources you have actually cited in your writing, while a bibliography includes all the sources you have utilized.
Appendices are additional sections at the conclusion of a report where additional data is kept. This could be data tables, copies of observation forms or notes, extracts not photocopies from lengthy documents you’ve referred to like parliamentary enquiries, journals or any other crucial details you’ve mentioned in your report and would like your reader to be able to refer to. Create distinct appendices for each source.
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